Fertility Treatments

Infertility affects 13 to 15% of couples worldwide and as many as 1 in 4 couples in developing countries, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In the US, about 3 in 25 women 15-44 years of age have difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term regardless of marital status, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability to become pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse, when fertility counseling should then be sought. Since there is a strong decline in fertility as a woman ages, women 35 and older and their partner, if applicable, should seek care from a reproductive endocrinologist—a fertility specialist— after 6 months of regular intercourse without conception or if the woman has irregular menstrual cycles. Couples should also see a fertility specialist if there is recurrent pregnancy loss— 2 or more spontaneous miscarriages. The keys to successful treatment are accurate diagnosis and identification of the most appropriate course of treatment.

Couples should also see a fertility specialist if they experience recurrent pregnancy loss– 2 or more miscarriages. For individuals or couples with previously known conditions that may impair reproductive potential, seeking immediate fertility counseling is encouraged in order to increase chances of success. Some of these conditions include women with irregular periods (menses), women who have had previous ovarian or fallopian tube surgery, men and women who have had chemotherapy or potentially gonadotoxic treatments, men who have had testicular cancer or experience undescended testes, or any type of testicular conditions. The keys to successful outcomes are accurate diagnosis and identification of the most appropriate course of treatment.

Experience When to seek fertility counseling
Women less than 35 years old After 1 year of unprotected intercourse
Women 35 years old and over After 6 months of unprotected intercourse
Miscarriage After 2 or more
Women with irregular menses or have previous known medical history possibly affecting fertility such as chemotherapy Immediately

Fortunately, women and couples today have more options than ever when deciding when to have children. Advances in assisted reproductive technology and medical practices are:

  • Empowering women to safely and confidently postpone having children for reasons ranging from medical conditions to career and life priorities by preserving their fertility via egg freezing (oocyte cryopreservation).
  • Providing straight and LGBTQ couples and single women with a series of family planning options depending on their individual circumstances and values.
  • Enabling willing egg donors, sperm donors, and gestational surrogates (carriers) to help others realize their dreams knowing all involved will receive medical, legal, and psychological care during the process.

CHA Fertility Center was founded on the principles of scientific excellence and thoughtful medical care – regardless of whether you are a woman looking to preserve your fertility, a cis-hetero (straight) or LGBTQ couple looking to grow your family, a single woman, or a generous egg donor, sperm donor, or gestational surrogate.

Our doctors and staff are committed to understanding each patient’s unique set of circumstances and preferences in order to prescribe the best possible treatment option.


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